2017-04-12 12:32:42 编辑：临沂环球教育 浏览：(863次)
1.Some jobs can pay high salaries but require employees to leave their family and friends. Some jobs pay few salaries but allow employees staying with family and friend. Which job do you prefer? Why?
In today’s workplace, employees are assigned with more demanding tasks than in the past. It is common that workers sometimes need to complete multiple types of task rather than to repeat the same type of task. Despite the fact that doing repeated works is easier for most employees, I believe that employees would be happier if different types of tasks are distributed to them.
Working on different types of tasks could help workers develop a sense of belonging in the company, which will make workers become more self-motivated to do their assignments, and thus become much happier. While working on multiple types of tasks, workers could develop varied skills, meet with colleagues from different departments, and learn about the company’s cultures and values as well. During this process, it is very likely that workers find themselves an indispensable part in the company, and then develop a sense of belonging. As a result, workers become more self-motivated and more willing to devote themselves to their work. In this sense, workers will definitely feel much happier because they are self-driven when doing their assignments.
Furthermore, working on various types of tasks, workers have more opportunities to get promoted and therefore earn higher salaries, which will undoubtedly lead to happiness. As it is mentioned in the previous paragraph, employees’ skills related to different types of tasks could be improved if they continue working on those tasks. Once employees become professionals in multiple fields, the company will offer them more promotion opportunities, compared with those who are simply skillful in a single field. In this sense, employees could earn higher salaries and become much happier.
Admittedly, it is easier for one to repeat one type of task all the time. However, if workers keep repeating the same task everyday, they will feel bored and less motivated soon. It seems that workers have to meet with the same group of people and follow the same procedure. There is little hope to receive more training and develop new skills, let alone to get promoted. It is not difficult to imagine that workers will become unhappy in this situation.
To sum up, working on different types of tasks could enable workers to become more motivated and to earn higher salaries in the future. Therefore, workers would be much happier while doing those tasks, compared with repeating the same task all the time.
2.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is better to relax by a movie or reading a book than doing physical exercise.
Present-day city-dwellers have already been accustomed to the hustle and bustle of metropolis, plagued by the daily urban commute. Agonizing over endless work and trivia, average citizens have to find some leeway to both relax and let out their pent-up energy. The debate over what is the best solution to eliminating fatigue never fades out of the public arena.
Those who often resort to a movie or a book for the sake of thorough relaxation tend to locate their logic at spiritual enjoyment, as most people, at least the vast majority of brain-workers, are inclined to mental relaxation after a whole-day tiring work. Every time when the curtain of night falls, flopping into an armchair, we are easily amazed by the latest Hollywood blockbuster, with a series of static or dynamic images taking us to a placid island or a tragic battlefield. A complete shift of mood from grave anxiety to great excitement can be achieved merely by a slight click of the mouse, sufficient enough to drag us out of exhaustion and distress. Even a bestseller, despite seeming to be a bit inferior to films in the regard of the relaxing effect, can calm us down and furnish us with a peaceful mind owing to the frequent meditation required in intensive reading. Naturally, such means of taking a break from the stifling daily routines are invariably applauded by many.
However, legions of health experts doubt the above as they have the belief that real relaxation only can be actualized with the presence of both psychological and physiological participation. Loads of past and current academic periodicals, after continuous study and survey, have come to a unanimous conclusion that sweating off dirt in the body proves to be the optimal measure to relax. Such consensus indicates the irreplaceable function of doing physical exercises. To fully release the pressure, a snap glimpse at a movie or a book is far from enough because our physical condition has two integral parts, which means simple mental pleasure can seldom substitute for giving our body a workout to render us sweating. In most cases, non-manual workers may feel better right after sweating themselves by outdoor activities or high-intensity training. In the absence of regular exercises, a large number of nationals live in the state of sub-health, a final result as well as a by-product of insufficient relaxation. Immersed in videos and cartoons, seemingly good ways to relax, the masses are not conscious of delicate changes to their health, which means a lack of physical workout pushes them on the verge of falling ill easily.
To sum up, movies together with books should be regarded as a rewarding and inspiring channel to get us away from fatigue and burden, but we shall not be under the delusion that bursting into laughter virtually equals full bodily liberation, as the two carry the same weight.
3.Some people think that giving students time during a class to discuss ideas with each other is a good way to help students learn; others think giving students time for discussion is ineffective or a waste of time. Which idea do you agree with, and why?"
As is known to all, the education in China is exam-oriented. Everything students learn in class is for passing the exams. There are few open topics for students to discuss in Chinese class. It is believed by both Chinese teachers and students that discussion in class is an ineffective way to learn. I totally agree with it.
To begin with, Chinese students have got used to the way they are educated. Most students are required to listen carefully to the teachers and take as many note as possible in the class from primary school to senior high school. It will be too much to ask for students to accept class discussion within a short period of time. It is possible that students might not know what to say in the first place. When topics were given in class, it would be possible that the whole class would be silent. It is not only a waste of time, but also embarrassing.
In addition, the effectiveness of class discussion depends on the students’ personality. Unlike students from western countries like the United States, Chinese students are introverted who are reluctant to express their ideas in front of their fellow classmates. Some students might be afraid of speaking in public. They are worried if they do something wrong, it will be quite humiliating. Some students are just not interested in sharing although they have plenty of amazing ideas in mind.
Moreover, in order to conduct successful class discussion, the teacher plays the most crucial role. It is quite tough for the teacher to supervise the process. He is supposed to be capable of dealing with various challenges. He has to know how to start the topic when the whole class remains silent. Also he has to know how to engage as many students as possible. He has to know what to do when the discussion is absolutely off the topic.
In sum, class discussion might be an effective teaching method in other countries. However, it is not the case in China. It takes time for Chinese students to get familiar with it. It might be good when students become more extraverted. The qualification of the teacher matters the most in carrying out a successful class discussion.